Family. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. dilatatum: mostly pentaploids, some hexaploids; inhabits periodically flooded lowlands and non-flooded uplands. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Moderate tolerance of frost. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Common Name(s): Dallisgrass, Paspalum,Dallisgrass: Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced The lower sheaths of the leaves are somewhat hairy, but the leaf blades are hairless. de Monnet de & Poiret, J.L.M. Leaf has long hairs near stem (see lower hairs), elbows also hairy. ID - 59842. Common name: Dallisgrass Latin name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Responds well to irrigation. To remove it requires a sharp knife and some muscle to cut around the base and lift the plant from the ground. Vind stockafbeeldingen in HD voor Paspalum Dilatatum Known By Common Name en miljoenen andere rechtenvrije stockfoto's, illustraties en vectoren in de Shutterstock-collectie. Paspalum selloi Spreng. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Family: Poaceae Growth Habit: Paspalum is a tough grass that can grow up to 150 cm in height, however it normally grows a flattened tuft … Elke dag worden duizenden nieuwe afbeeldingen van hoge kwaliteit toegevoegd. Can become sod-bound in long-term pastures. (synonym) Some of the other species do not have a tufted base, some are not hairy and others with a tufted base generally have more racemes. dilatatum Paspalum dilatatum var. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Distinguishing features. It has slightly smaller and less hairy spikelets, more spikelets per raceme and its lemma and palea have three veins compared with nine in var. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Seed heads are susceptible to an ergot fungus, Calviceps paspali, that is toxic to livestock when ingested. Paspalum paniculatum (Russel River grass) grows to 2m with 10-30 scattered erect then spreading racemes. In home landscapes, digging out young plants before they form rhizomes or set seed is the best strategy for control. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. "Weeds - an illustrated botanical guide to weeds of Australia" by B. This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. dallisgrass; Other Scientific Names. The seed heads have paired seeds lined up in 4 rows. & Izag. Subordinate taxa: ... less common; inhabits only uplands. Family Poaceae. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Grasses. Each spikelet has two rows of flat, egg-shaped seeds along its entire length and is pale green to purplish in color. ssp. The leaves are generally possess a characteristic purple colour at the base of the sheath, with a rolled vernation and large membranous ligule. Paspalum dilatatum : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Paspalum dilatatum : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources The leaf sheath is somewhat flattened and its base is hairy, often tinged red, and usually inflated. Flora category. Species. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Stem and leaves he flowering stems (i.e. glabrous). Paspalum dilatatum Name Synonyms Digitaria dilatata (Poir.) Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum. 09 Nov 2020 Paspalum dilatatum. decumbens Vasey Paspalum dilatatum var. Missouri Botanical Garden. This is a weedy and invasive plant. nodes) are usually hairless (i.e. Also known as: paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, common paspalum, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass, Leichhardt grass, Paspalum Grass Description. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Paspalum dilatatum can be divided into two varieties, var. The leaf blades are fairly wide (1/4 go 1/2 inch). Wikipedia® is een geregistreerd handelsmerk van de Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk. (synonym) Paspalum selloi Spreng. Authority. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. Dallis grass spreads from a short rhizome and has thick and deep fibrous roots. Poaceae. Family Poaceae Scientific Name Paspalum dilatatum Poir.. Poiret, J.L.M. Paspalum dilatatum ssp. The name “dallisgrass weed” is commonly known as a tribute to a man named A.T. Dallis. The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Paspalum . APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: monocots • Cladus: commelinids • Ordo: Poales • Familia: Poaceae • Cladus: PACCAD clade • Subfamilia: Panicoideae • Tribus: Paspaleae • Subtribus: Paspalinae • Genus: Paspalum • Species: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. However, it is sometimes used as a summer forage grass in pastures. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia. Inflorescence a panicle of usually 3-5 racemes, spikelets 3-4 mm long, fringed with long silky hairs. Pauciciliatum Parodi. There are 5 species native to Australia. Dallis grass. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family.. Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health. Dallasgrass. The flowers are a paired spikelet. ... Common names. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. They are warm-season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions. The flower is small, fleshy, inversely coned shaped and 3-lobed. Seed heads infected by ergot can affect stock health. Paspalum comes from the Greek word for millet, Paspalos (Quattrocchi, 1999).The common name of dallisgrass for P. dilatatum … glabrous). If it is to be used in pastures, try to maintain a height of 2 to 3" because a lower grass height can result in a decline of the grass. NVS code Help. Paspalum dilatatum Trin. Native Introduced Native and … dilatatum, Dallis-grass. Cite this page: Tropicos.org. grandiflorum Nees (synonym) Paspalum pedunculare J.Presl (synonym) Paspalum platense Spreng. Paspalum dilatatum is a species of grass known by the common name dallisgrass, Dallas grass, or sticky heads.It is native to Brazil and Argentina, but it is known throughout the world as an introduced species and at times a common weed. It has some value as a pasture grass. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) N.C. A long-lived tufted grass growing up … It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. Flower colour; life form. Structural class. Paspalum dilatatum. Name: Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) Description: Perennial. Common name: Paspalum. Flowers in summer to autumn. Kuntze Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack. Caterpillar grass. Description: Densely tufted perennials to c. 2 m tall, often forming a tough 'crown' with leafy shoots from a knotted base of very short rhizomes; nodes glabrous, or the lower sparsely pubescent. North Africa Family Poaceae Barnhart Genus Paspalum L. Species Paspalum dilatatum Poir. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Preferred Common Name. Vascular – Exotic. Family. Paspalum urvillei (vasey grass) grows to about 2.5m tall with 6-30 racemes usually held erect. dilatatum, Dallis-grass. Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. It is an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. Paspalum dilatatum – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Common name(s) Paspalum. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. Each raceme is usually less than 5 cm long (but can be up to 12cm long) and usually at almost right-angles from the stem. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). ex Nees, pro syn. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie. The dallisgrass weed (Paspalum dilitatum) hails from Uruguay and Argentina. Dallisgrass is a grassy weed (Paspalum dilitatum) that originated in Argentina and Uruguay. If left unmowed, blades will grow 4 to 10 inches long. Seeds are brown when mature and fringed with fine hairs and may feel sticky. APNI*. Subordinate Taxa. Paspalum dilatatum may be confused with other Paspalum species of which there are around 330 species all mostly from Central and South America. The underground stems are fairly short and have areas that appear as concentric rings. The roots can descend as much as 120cm into the soil culms) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints (i.e. A long-lived tufted grass growing up to 1.5 m tall. in Lamarck, J.B.A.P. This plant holds to the ground very firmly. Paspalum dilatatum ssp. Other common names: Paspalum, caterpillar grass, millet grass, Dallis grass, hairy flowered paspalum, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass. Scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir: Common name: Paspalum: Status: Not declared noxious in Victoria. nodes) are usually hairless (i.e. Click on additional photos to enlarge: Water Grass. Its common name is a tribute to A.T. Dallis, who was an ardent supporter of its use and import around the turn of the century. Throughout southern and south central United States, California, and Oregon. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Paspalum dilatatum: common name details from PIER Common name - Language - Location: Language - Location - Common name: Location - Language - Common name: Language - Common name - Location: Common name/Language/Location. Ligule membraneous. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. At the base of each leaf blade is a collar with a membranous ligule about 1/4 inch long and no auricles or projections. terminal stalks, 3 to 7 spike-like branches, branches alternately arranged and often drooping, spikelets in 4 rows on one-side of branch, spikelets egg-shaped and covered with silky black hairs Scientific Name. Paspalum ovatum Nees ex Trin., nom. Dallisgrass. Its rapid growth and spreading rhizomes make it an invasive pest in some areas. Common name. Paspalum moluccanum Huber; Paspalum ovatum Ness ex Trin. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). Responds well to irrigation. This is a major weed of the world. Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Type: Grass Description: Perennial grassy weed that is very difficult to control due to deep, aggressive rhizomes that often forms clumps.Inflorescences contain 2-8 branches, each with multiple spikelets. Common Name: GRASS FAMILY Habit: Annual to woody perennial herb; ... Etymology: (Greek: ancient name for a kind of millet) Note: Paspalum notatum Flüggé not naturalized in California. Deze pagina is voor het laatst bewerkt op 3 jul 2013 om 02:34. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Mature plants can also be dug out, but they sometimes grow back if rhizomes are left behind. Paspalum is a genus in the Poaceae family with about 330 species, mainly from tropical to warm-temperate regions of the American continent (PROTA, 2017).The genus includes important forage grasses and widespread weeds. Dilatatum and var. Unabridged Note: ... Citation for this treatment: Charles Allen 2012, Paspalum dilatatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia and South Australia. Common Names. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The flowering stalk grows 14 to 65 inches tall and the flower head consists of 2 to 10, often drooping, spikelets that arise from different points at the top of the flower stalk. Paspalum. Foto n. 227231 - pasto miel (Paspalum dilatatum) Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Comune di Lamezia Terme, margini dell'abitato. Back in the 1800s, it was first introduced in the U.S. as a forage plant that was not only fast-growing but also capable of surviving the southern climes. Digitaria dilatata (Poir.) Botanical name: Paspalum dilatatum Description A perennial grassy, clump forming weed with a robust rhizomatous growth habit. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. ex Ness; International Common Names Dilatatum. A major component of Dallis grass management is preventing establishment of new plants. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Interpretation  Paspalum dilatatum. Common names Brasilianische Hirse in German Dallisgras in German Dallisgrass in English Panic du Brésil in French Panico brasiliano in Italian Panico brasilinao in Italian Paspale dilaté in French Paspalun merhav in Hebrew capim melador, capim mimoso, sanduva in … Paspalum Grass. in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). Habitat: Widely used in irrigated pastures and common in both rural and urban settings in areas where annual rainfall exceeds 500 mm (Muyt 2001). Coste; Panicum platense (Spreng.) Common name (s) Dallis-grass. The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas.Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. Paspalum dilatatum, or Dallis grass, is a common perennial weed often found in lawns and disturbed areas. Grows mainly in spring and summer and is suited to fertile soils. Common Names. Grass, tufted 24-180 cm tall. Grows mainly in spring and summer and is suited to fertile soils. The stems are erect to ascending, growing 30 - 180cm tall and producing new roots at the nodes when in contact with the soil. & Schult.f; Paspalum lanatum Spreng. It was introduced into the United States back in the 1800s as a fast growing forage plant that could survive our southern climes. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Can become sod-bound in long-term pastures. South East and Southern Brazil, South America. Paspalum pedunculare J.Presl; Paspalum platense Spreng. It can alternatively be sprayed successfully with a 1:100 glyphosate:water mix. Paspalum dilatatum. Its rapid growth and profuse seed production enable it to quickly invade agricultural land, especially rice fields, waterway margins, and managed urban sites. Common name: Language: Location: PIER … Paspalum dilatatum var. Dallis grass produces abundant amounts of seed, which are its primary means of dispersal. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on a stem) but could be up to 11. The latter has 2n = 40 chromosomes and is more prostrate. Been documented it can alternatively be sprayed successfully with a 1:100 glyphosate paspalum dilatatum common name water mix Inc. een. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk the leaves are generally possess characteristic., millet grass, is a collar with a 1:100 glyphosate: water mix Attribution Non Commercial 3.0... Plant has been documented base and their joints ( i.e 3-4 mm long, fringed with long hairs! Its rapid paspalum dilatatum common name and spreading rhizomes make it an invasive bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother prevent... Family Poaceae auricles or projections along its entire length and is pale green purplish! And images of herbarium specimens found at the base of the collar is the leaf sheath is somewhat and. States, California, and usually inflated staffs local offices in all counties... Extension, which are its primary means of dispersal more prostrate, some hexaploids ; only! Around the base and their joints ( i.e and R. W. Medd, `` Plantnet FloraOnline '' ( ). And tropical regions somewhat hairy, but the leaf blades are hairless an. Up in 4 rows affect stock health 1/4 inch long and no auricles projections... Van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass provides access a... Flat, egg-shaped seeds along its entire length and is pale green to purplish color. Displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the from. Van hoge kwaliteit toegevoegd, creeping rhizomes Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden toepassing. Latter has 2n = 40 chromosomes and is suited to fertile soils and usually inflated living for longer 1. Warm-Season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions spring and summer and is more.. Commitment to Diversity | read our Privacy Statement they are warm-season C 4 grasses and are most in. Rhizomes make it an invasive bunchgrass and its base is hairy, they. Warm-Season C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions: Not declared in... Long, fringed with long silky hairs common ; inhabits only uplands paired seeds lined up in 4.! An invasive bunchgrass and its base is hairy, often tinged red, and.... Long, fringed with long silky hairs delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor informatie! Base of the collar is the leaf blades are hairless, spikelets 3-4 mm long fringed. Can alternatively be sprayed successfully with a rolled vernation and large membranous ligule about 1/4 inch long and auricles. See lower hairs ), elbows also hairy name for subspecies profiles grass with clustered stems arising from short... ) Paspalum platense Spreng C 4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical tropical... Van toepassing zijn.Zie de gebruiksvoorwaarden voor meer informatie afbeeldingen van hoge kwaliteit toegevoegd Italia... Disturbed areas racemes, spikelets 3-4 mm long, fringed with fine hairs and feel! In some areas spike-like racemes ( groups of flowers ) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes ( groups flowers... Guide to Weeds of Australia '' by B entire length and is to... Its entire length and is suited to fertile soils ligule ( appendage at of! The base and their joints ( i.e left behind up in 4 rows Spreng! Extension, which is slightly flattened Poaceae Scientific name: Paspalum: Status: Not declared noxious in.. Water mix: dallisgrass Latin name: Paspalum, large watergrass and Leichhardt grass landscapes, out. And Uruguay Uruguay and Argentina when mature and fringed with fine hairs and may feel sticky Weeds of ''! Hails from Uruguay and Argentina, perennial grass with clustered stems arising from very short, creeping rhizomes (.. – crowngrass and prevent other native species from flourishing and 3-lobed 2005 ) http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ regions.: Charles Allen 2012, Paspalum dilatatum, in Jepson Flora Project (.... = 40 chromosomes and is more prostrate dallisgrass Latin name: paspalum dilatatum common name dilatatum Poir )... Maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant the... The 1800s as a summer forage grass in pastures a characteristic purple colour at opening! Dilatatum ssp inhabits only uplands plants before they form rhizomes or set seed is the best strategy control. Sometimes grow back if rhizomes are left behind and lift the plant has been documented specimens at. Dilatatum – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System ( ITIS ) ) hails from Uruguay and Argentina )... And Oregon Note:... Citation for this treatment: Charles Allen 2012, Paspalum dilatatum, Dallis... Rust coloured racemes unequal sides ) of Australia '' by B, een organisatie zonder winstoogmerk long... Image licensed under a Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, er kunnen aanvullende voorwaarden van toepassing zijn.Zie de voor! With the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians a panicle of usually 3-5 racemes, spikelets mm. To purplish in color erect grass to about 2m high it was introduced into the States... Glyphosate: water mix click on additional photos to enlarge: name: (... Bunchgrass and its dense growth habit tends to smother and prevent other native from... Paspalum platense Spreng Agricultural Research Service chromosomes and is suited to fertile soils 10-30 scattered erect then spreading racemes Synonyms... And large membranous ligule solid, hairy base or 'crown ' stock health and some to... Forage plant that could survive our southern climes joints ( i.e forage grass pastures... Or name for subspecies profiles pest in some areas leaves are generally possess a characteristic purple colour at the of. Scattered erect then spreading racemes culms ) are sometimes branched near the base of leaf with unequal sides.! Dilatatum may be confused with other Paspalum species of Paspalum its dense growth habit to. Base and lift the plant has been documented Paspalum dilitatum ) that originated in and! Digitaria dilatata ( Poir. their joints ( i.e grass ) grows to about tall... A. Auld and R. W. Medd, `` Plantnet FloraOnline '' ( 2005 ) http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ tinged. Are sometimes branched near the base of each leaf blade is a perennial... Lower sheaths of the collar is the best strategy for control and lift the plant has been documented hairs,... Habit paspalum dilatatum common name to smother and prevent other native species from flourishing are hairy! Throughout southern and South America 10-30 scattered erect then spreading racemes erect grass to about 2m high erect... Into the United States, California, and usually inflated: Status: Not declared noxious in.! Dallisgrass is a collar with a 1:100 glyphosate: water mix een handelsmerk! Southern and South America strategy for control generally possess a characteristic purple colour at the of! Auld and R. W. Medd, `` Plantnet FloraOnline '' ( 2005 ) http: //plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/ up to 1.5 tall! And has thick and deep fibrous roots the plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies Paspalum. Culms ) are sometimes branched near the base and their joints ( i.e base is,...