Today, many communities around the world are struggling to keep the plant in check, organizing seasonal “bashing” sessions to clear large swathes of land. This will aid in verification of your report. It reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem. In fact, the plant – whose native range is the foothills of the Indian and Pakistani Himalayas – is considered one of the UK’s most widespread invasive weed species competing with native plant species for space, light, nutrients and pollinators, thereby reducing local biodiversity. Mechanical control of Himalayan Balsam. *Detected in Michigan*
Is Himalayan Balsam Invasive? WATCH LIST. Now found in most areas of the UK, Himalayan balsam has become an invasive non-native species (INNS) in the UK and is most commonly found on riverbanks, waste ground, and damp areas, and can also thrive in many other habitats. Himalayan Balsam Impatiens glandulifera Invasive Species Identification and Control Guide Species Description Himalayan Balsam is a native species to the western Himalayans in North India. In this article, part of Inside Ecology’s ‘Invasive Non-Native Species’ series, Elizabeth Kimber (Ecologist), focuses on Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera)… Himalayan balsam is native to the foothills of the Himalayas, India and Pakistan, and was first released into the UK in … Mechanical control is an alternative to biocontrol. Himalayan balsam, UGA2137097, Barbara Tokarska-Guzik, University of Silesia, CC 3.0. Himalayan balsam is an invasive herbaceous plant that was initially introduced to North America as a garden ornamental. - Or - use the Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) online reporting tool, - Or - download the MISIN smartphone app and report from your phone - http://www.misin.msu.edu/tools/apps/#home, Barbara Tokarska-Guzik University of Silesia bugwood.org, Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org - Himalayan balsam leaves. In the early 1800s it was introduced to many parts of Europe, New Zealand and North America as a garden ornamental. Interestingly, the plant’s Latin name, Impatiens glandulifera, speaks of its impatience to spread far and wide, using a fascinating evolutionary mechanism. Suzannah Iott, MDARD Pesticide and Plant Pest Management Division, 517-420-0473. This annual bamboo like plant is very recognizable by its flowers that resemble an English ‘policeman’s helmet’ and by the whorled leaves, usually in threes, and a recognizable purple and reddish stalk. Impatiens glandulifera. It is becoming more widespread and County Galway particularly in damp habitats such as river banks and wet grasslands. • It is listed under schedule 9 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 – it is an offence to plant or cause this species to grow in the wild. Himalayan Balsam (Impatiens glanulifera) is an attractive looking flower, with a stout, hollow stem, trumpet shaped pink/white flowers and elliptical shaped green leaves. Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam 1 | P a g e Invasive Species Guide: Himalayan Balsam Photos are sourced from GBNNSS and Groundwork South. If you liked this story, like & follow us on Facebook for more. It is also commonly referred to as Indian Balsam. Hit enter to return to the slide. A native of India and Pakistan, the Himalayan Balsam has managed to invade 23 European countries, as well as the United States, Canada and even New Zealand. It can be found in wetlands, forests, gardens, yards, and on the side of the road. Himalayan balsam is widely distributed across Canada and can be found in eight provinces. Himalayan balsam ( Impatiens glandulifera ) is a relative of the busy Lizzie, but reaches well over head height, and is a major weed problem, especially on riverbanks and waste land, but can also invade gardens. You may be asked to provide your name and contact information if follow-up is needed. Meet the plant. Appearance Impatiens glandulifera is a succulent annual than can be 3-10 ft. (0.9-3 m) tall. Adapted for Northern Ireland Environment Agency 2020 Himalayan balsam plants are native to Asia. and protect other plant life. In Britain, Himalayan balsam is regarded as one of the top-ten most wanted species that have caused significant environmental impact. It was introduced to Kew Gardens in 1839 and is thought to have mainly been spread by people passing seeds to each other. Although very attractive in appearance, Himalayan Balsam is a pest and one of the most rapidly spreading Invasive weeds in the UK. Smaller than Himalayan balsam, growing to a height of 1.2 Flower is similar in shape but orange in colour Orange balsam is much less aggressive than Himalayan balsam, forming dense stands . Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) is a non-native annual plant that was introduced into parts of Europe during the mid-nineteenth century as an ornamental plant for parks and gardens.This plant species was first recognised as an invasive species and a threat to ecological stability in the 1930’s. It can be seen along several trails and roadsides in Prince Edward Island. The main issue with this plant is that it’s very aggressive, muscling out native plants until it’s the only one left. Each plant has the ability to spread over 7 metres every season, making it difficult to eradicate without a coordinated approach, particularly around rivers … The seeds can survive for up to 2 years without germinating if they are transported by water. It was introduced to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental garden flower. Commonly found along riverbanks and streams, around ponds and lakes, in wet woodlands and in ditches and damp meadows. Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) has quickly become one of the UK s most invasive weed species, colonising river banks, waste ground and damp woodlands. This attractive annual plant was introduced to Ireland from the Himalayas and has since become a very invasive weed. Each plant can produce up to 800 seeds in a year and this leads to Himalayan balsam spreading rapidly. U.S. Distribution: Has been introduced to northern states on the east coast as well as the west coast, including Montana and Idaho. This species can tolerate many types of soils. (Impatiens glandulifera)
Michael Shephard, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org. The native range in the western Himalayas is relatively small compared to its invasive range. That’s particularly problematic on riverbeds, where it leaves vast swaths of land exposed to harsh winters as well as erosion. Apart from its attractive flowers, the exploding seed pods made it uniquely appealing. Background Himalayan balsam is an annual herb, native to the western Himalayas. Additional Resources: Invasive Species Centre Also make note of the location, date and time of the observation. This plant is not on the Prohibited and Regulated Species list and may also be introduced through the horticulture trade. If possible, please take one or more photos of the invasive species you are reporting. Himalayan balsam. Himalayan Balsam. The plant is native to the western Himalayas but is now invasive in many parts of continental Europe.