high performance proppants in shale gas fracturing process

Proppants for shale gas and oil recovery

shale, while hydraulic stimulation fractures the shale to create the high surface area required for gas retrieval. Hydraulic stimulation—known in the industry as “hydrofrac-turing"—is a critical for creating and maintaining high-permeability paths for resource recovery over the life of the well.

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Investigation of ultra-light weight proppant application ...

Jun 15, 2015  Ultra-lightweight proppants for shale gas fracturing. In: Paper SPE 138319, presented at the tight gas completions conference, San Antonio, Texas, Nov. 2–3; 2010. Google Scholar

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A comprehensive review of ultralow-weight proppant ...

Feb 21, 2021  A fracturing proppant whose bulk density is less than 1.5 g/cm 3 and apparent density is approximately 2.5 g/cm 3 can be regarded as a ULW fracturing proppant (Wu 2013).On the one hand, it can reduce the amount of guar gum used in the fracturing fluid, which reduces the damage to a reservoir (Cheng and Li 2006); on the other hand, it can reduce the energy loss during the fracturing process

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Development of the Fracturing Proppant with Low Density ...

gas flow through the cracked channel in the process of producing oil, natural gas or shale gas. The desired properties of fracturing proppants are high crush strength, low apparent density, good acid erosion resistance, high sphericity and high flow conductivity to increase the gas output and exploitation rate. Depending on the size and

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(PDF) Proppants Development and the Shale Oil and Gas ...

presents the perspective of the mar ket for oil, gas, shale, hydraulic fracturing and proppants in addition to a current development of proppants. Proppants were characterized through API RP 19C,

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A Review of Fracturing Technologies Utilized in Shale Gas ...

Nov 17, 2019  The modern hydraulic fracturing technique was implemented in the oil and gas industry in the 1940s. Since then, it has been used extensively as a method of stimulation in unconventional reservoirs in order to enhance hydrocarbon recovery. Advances in directional drilling in shale reservoirs allowed hydraulic fracturing to become an extensively common practice worldwide.

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THE EFFECT OF PROPPANT SIZE AND CONCENTRATION ON

Shale reservoirs contain enormous quantities of hydrocarbon resources that can be commercially produced only by applying hydraulic fracturing stimulation techniques. The main objective of hydraulic fracturing is to bypass near-wellbore formation damage and create a high-conductivity fracture that communicates with a large surface area of formation.

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An overview of hydraulic fracturing and other formation ...

alternative to reduce the amount of water used in shale gas stimulation. These are available across the industry. The deployment of high-volume hydraulic fracturing could entail some risks to the environment. Among the concerns raised the following can be mentioned: high usage of

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Improvement of Hydraulic Fracture Conductivity Using ...

Jun 30, 2016  Proppants with different mesh sizes of 20/40, 30/50, 40/70, 70/140, and 80/200 with grain diameters ranging from 0.033 in. (0.8382 mm) to 0.0041 in. (104.14 µm) are conventionally used during hydraulic fracturing of tight shale formations . These proppants can create conductivity in the larger generated or existing fractures, but they are not ...

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(PDF) Estrogen and Androgen Receptor Activities of ...

The rapid rise in natural gas extraction utilizing hydraulic fracturing increases the potential for contamination of surface and ground water from chemicals used throughout the process.

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Proppants for shale gas and oil recovery

shale, while hydraulic stimulation fractures the shale to create the high surface area required for gas retrieval. Hydraulic stimulation—known in the industry as “hydrofrac-turing"—is a critical for creating and maintaining high-permeability paths for resource recovery over the life of the well.

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Proppant Transport in Slickwater Fracturing of Shale Gas ...

Improving hydraulic fracturing has been proven to be one of the key approaches for the high-efficient and environmental development in shale gas reservoirs. Hydraulic fracturing has ...

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Development of the Fracturing Proppant with Low Density ...

gas flow through the cracked channel in the process of producing oil, natural gas or shale gas. The desired properties of fracturing proppants are high crush strength, low apparent density, good acid erosion resistance, high sphericity and high flow conductivity to increase the gas output and exploitation rate. Depending on the size and

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Shale Gas - Stanford University

The ability of gas to flow in shale is limited to naturally existing fractures which do not assess the economics of shale gas production. [8] Therefore, technologies such as hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling are necessary to increase the gas production rate through fracturing and increasing the reservoir porosity and permeability to gas.

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Multidomain Two-Phase Flow Model to Study the Impacts of ...

proposed model applies a new approach for optimizing the hydraulic fracturing process and for analyzing the shale gas production behavior. 1. INTRODUCTION The successful development of hydraulic fracturing (HF) makes the economic production of shale gas reservoirs feasible. The purpose of the HF is to create an extensive fracture

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US8733439B1 - Method of gas and oil production from shale ...

Methods to recover over 95 percent of oil and gas from shale fracturing, oil sands, biomass, and hydrates and from deep water wells. Employing CO 2 , H 2 O 2 , some proprietary chemicals, metals and proppants, raising the temperature of the mixture and using the mixture in shale fracturing, oil sands, biomass and gas hydrates to dislodge the gas and oil.

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69Mpa Lightweight Proppant For Shale Oil Reservoirs - Buy ...

Introduction. SEPPE ceramic proppant is one of the key components in the fracturing process of oil and gas wells.The introduction of proppants to the process of hydraulic fracturing has brought about increased hydrocarbon production rates and recovery.Proppants prevent fracture closure by keeping the hydraulically created fractures propped open with a high conductivity medium,and allow for an ...

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(PDF) An overview of hydraulic fracturing and other ...

Indeed, several among the main environmental concerns associated with shale gas fracturing today are due to the usage of water: the high volumes of water used and lost underground, the need to process flowbacks, the potential contamination of aquifers by leaks of chemicals employed in the fracturing fluids, etc. 8 Hydraulic fracturing of ...

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Performance Proppants

Performance Proppants is the largest and most reliable provider of regional frac sand in the Haynesville Shale. We operate two state-of-the-art facilities that are in the core of the basin and produce four different sand products, including 40/140, 30/70, 40/70 and 100 mesh.

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Current opinions on foam-based hydro-fracturing in deep ...

Nov 12, 2015  Keeping open the generated fractures after the fracturing process is essential to enhance reservoir permeability in hydraulic fracturing, and proppants play a vital role in this regard, which will assist in extracting economically viable volumes of unconventional gas

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A comprehensive review on proppant technologies

enhance production of hydrocarbon fluids from oil and gas bearing formations. The fracturing process involves injecting a fluid at a pressure sufficiently high to break down the rock. Proppant slurries are then pumped into the induced fracture to keep it open so that the hydrocarbon production from the well can be significantly enhanced [1].

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Improvement of Fracturing for Gas Shales netl.doe.gov

The reliability of hydraulic fracturing as a means for enabling the economic viability of wells completed in the Barnett shale and other more recently developed unconventional shale gas reservoirs need to be improved. Permeability reduction caused by the fracturing fluid and limited fracture length apparently limit productivity in new plays.

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Hydraulic fracturing - Wikipedia

Hydraulic fracturing, also called fracking, fracing, hydrofracking, fraccing, frac'ing, and hydrofracturing, is a well stimulation technique involving the fracturing of bedrock formations by a pressurized liquid. The process involves the high-pressure injection of 'fracking fluid' (primarily water, containing sand or other proppants suspended with the aid of thickening agents) into a wellbore ...

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Numerical and Laboratory Investigations for Maximization ...

Gas production from tight gas/shale gas reservoirs over the last decade has been met with spectacular success with the advent of advanced reservoir stimulation techniques (mainly hydraulic fracturing), to the extent that shale gas is now among the main contributors to US hydrocarbon production.

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Hydraulic fracturing proppants - SciELO

The hydrocarbon extraction from bituminous shale, commonly known as shale gas/oil, is performed by using the hydraulic fracturing technique in unconventional reservoirs where 95% water, 0.5% of additives and 4.5% of proppants are used.

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Fracturing Fluid Distribution in Shale Gas Reservoirs Due ...

Fracturing Fluid Distribution in Shale Gas Reservoirs Due to Fracture Closure, Proppant Distribution and Gravity Segregation ... The physical process of fracture closure during shut-in and production periods is modeled by adjusting the fracture volume and fracture conductivity dynamically. Non-Darcy behavior due to high gas velocity in fracture ...

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A comprehensive review on proppant technologies

enhance production of hydrocarbon fluids from oil and gas bearing formations. The fracturing process involves injecting a fluid at a pressure sufficiently high to break down the rock. Proppant slurries are then pumped into the induced fracture to keep it open so that the hydrocarbon production from the well can be significantly enhanced [1].

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Improvement of Fracturing for Gas Shales netl.doe.gov

The reliability of hydraulic fracturing as a means for enabling the economic viability of wells completed in the Barnett shale and other more recently developed unconventional shale gas reservoirs need to be improved. Permeability reduction caused by the fracturing fluid and limited fracture length apparently limit productivity in new plays.

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Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Production: Technology ...

1 1 Introduction to Hydraulic Fracturing and Shale Gas Production Hydraulic fracturing is a key technique that has enabled the economic production of natural gas from shale deposits, or plays. The development of large-scale shale gas production is changing the U.S. energy market, generating expanded interest in the

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Proppants - Engineering and Technology History Wiki

The original version of this article was created by Francesco Gerali, 2020 Elizabeth Emerson Pugh Scholar in Residence at the IEEE History Center Introduction. Hydraulic fracturing is the process of injecting fluids into oil or gas bearing formations at high rates and pressures to generate fractures in the rocks (Fig. 1). The task of proppants, or propping agents, is to provide and maintain ...

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A REVIEW OF HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

Water use: In the case of a shale gas or tight gas development, though some water is required during the drilling phase, the largest volumes of water are used during the hydraulic fracturing process: each well might need anything between a few thousand and 20 000 cubic metres [between 1

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(PDF) An overview of hydraulic fracturing and other ...

Indeed, several among the main environmental concerns associated with shale gas fracturing today are due to the usage of water: the high volumes of water used and lost underground, the need to process flowbacks, the potential contamination of aquifers by leaks of chemicals employed in the fracturing fluids, etc. 8 Hydraulic fracturing of ...

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A Closer Look at the Rocky Underground

Oil and gas production in shale and other low-permeability rocks requires the hydraulic stimulation of vertically oriented, radial fractures that emanate from a horizontal well bore. Natural gas flows from the fractures in the shale into the pipe and to the surface. (inset) Proppants, typically sand or ceramic spheres, hold the fractures open.

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Lab-simulated downhole leaching of formaldehyde from ...

The ability of different methods to analyze formaldehyde and other leachates from proppants was investigated under lab-simulated downhole conditions. These methods include high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), headspace gas chromatography-vacuum ultraviolet spectroscopy (HS-GC-VUV), and headspace ga The environmental geochemistry and biology of hydraulic fracturing

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Proppants Market Size Share Industry Trends Report, 2020

Proppants are used in hydraulic fracturing for various application segments including shale gas, tight gas, coal bed methane, and others such as LNG, shale oil, and tight oil. The growing application scope of proppant in shale gas extraction owing to its use in power generation and transportation is expected to drive market growth over the ...

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Hydraulic Fracturing Proppants,ceramic proppants,ceramic ...

Jan 2, 2014 - Hydraulic Fracturing Proppants,ceramic proppants,ceramic proppants manufacturers suppliers - Maide Ceramics

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Hydraulic Fracturing: Oil and Gas BMP Project

Risks. This section discusses the risks attributable to shale gas development, instead of just the hydraulic fracturing process itself. Environmental and public health concerns include ground water contamination, increased traffic and industrial activity, accidents related to improper chemical handling, surface spills, waste disposal, air quality, and water use.

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