south african gold mines history

Brief history of gold mining in South Africa - Mining for ...

2021-8-20  Brief history of gold mining in South Africa. INCLUDING MAJOR EVENTS. 1873. First large-scale production began when alluvial deposits were discovered at Pilgrim’s Rest. 1884. Gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand which led to an influx of miners from around the world. 1886 -.

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South-African-Mines - Mining Artifacts

2015-1-1  The first mining concern (the Nil Desperandum Co-operative Gold Company) was formed at Blaauwbank in 1874.]Gold was mined at various places on the Rand up to 1886, when the discovery of the Witwatersrand Main Reef set off the historic Witwatersrand Gold Rush. Diamond and gold production may now be well down from their peaks, though South Africa is still no. 2 in gold but South Africa

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A history of mining in South Africa (ZA)

ining in South Africa has been a contentious issue since 15-year-old Erasmus Stephanus Jacobs discovered South Africa’s first diamond, the Eureka, in Hopetown in 1867. It kickstarted what historians call the Mineral Revolution, which made few European opportunists wealthy beyond measure, and saw hundreds of thousands of men leaving their homes to become fulltime mineworkers. Today, the mining

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South Africa - Gold mining Britannica

Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom: immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy. By 1899 the gold industry attracted investment worth £75 million, produced almost three-tenths of the world’s gold, and employed more than 100,000 people (the overwhelming majority of them Black

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The Development of the South African Gold-Mining

The discovery in i886 of the Witwatersrand gold fields in the South African Republic was arguably the most important of all of these famous nineteenth-

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Discovery of the Gold in 1884 South African History Online

Discovery of the Gold in 1884 The first recorded discovery of gold on the Witwatersrand was made by Jan Gerrit Bantjes in June 1884, on the farm Vogelstruisfontein, and was followed soon thereafter, in September, by the Struben brothers who uncovered the Confidence Reef on the farm Wilgespruit, near present-day Roodepoort. However, these were minor reefs, and today it is the general consensus that credit for the discovery of the main gold

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The world's biggest gold mines: Top ten

2020-1-30  1. South Deep gold mine – 32.8 million ounces (Moz). South Deep gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world, by reserves. Located 45km south-west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, South Deep is also the seventh deepest mine in the world, with a mine depth up to 2,998m below the surface.. The managed mineral reserve at South Deep as of December 2018 stood

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History of mining in South Africa: The key events ...

2019-5-20  The construction of power stations on the coal fields of Witbank and Delmas established fossil fuels, and by extension mining, as the primary source of South African power, while the combination of the Venterspost, Libanon and Kloof gold mines into a single operation by 1968 established a project that has gone on to produce around 15,000kg of gold per year. However, these industrial changes

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List Of Gold Mines In South Africa - South Africa Lists

2021-1-12  List Of Gold Mines In South Africa And Their Names. South Africa is one of the countries making a lot of people via mining. The mining sector keeps contributing greatly to the country’s economy, and it is common knowledge that South Africa is blessed with important minerals and metals like diamonds, coal, coal, platinum, and so on.

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South Africa’s "gold slaves" - Equal Times

2014-12-2  Nineteen-year-old Agrippa Machako recounts the day a ‘recruiter' promised him a job as a hotel chef in Johannesburg, South Africa, over 1000 kilometres away from his hometown of Chipinge in Zimbabwe. Today, the teenager's otherwise youthful face and body bears all the scars of the five months he spent toiling as a “gold slave”, 200 metres underground in one of Johannesburg's derelict ...

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Brief history of gold mining in South Africa - Mining for ...

2021-8-20  Brief history of gold mining in South Africa. INCLUDING MAJOR EVENTS. 1873. First large-scale production began when alluvial deposits were discovered at Pilgrim’s Rest. 1884. Gold was discovered in the Witwatersrand which led to an influx of miners from around the world. 1886 -.

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The History of Gold Mining in South Africa

South Africa has the largest known gold reserves in the world. Estimated to be around 40000 tons, this country cradles 40-50 % of the global gold reserves. Mining is perhaps the biggest industry of South Africa, and the nation's economy basically depends upon it.

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South Africa - Gold mining Britannica

South Africa - South Africa - Gold mining: Prospectors established in 1886 the existence of a belt of gold-bearing reefs 40 miles (60 km) wide centred on present-day Johannesburg. The rapid growth of the gold-mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom: immigration, urbanization, capital investment, and labour migrancy. By 1899 the gold

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List of Gold mines in South Africa - Briefly SA

2019-7-9  There are many abandoned mines in the country; however, more mines have come up over the years with the discovery of Gold in South Africa. The South African mines list is dominated by Gold mines, and here are some of these mines as well as the respective South African mines contact details. 1. South Deep Gold Mine

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Discovery of the Gold in 1884 South African History Online

Following the South African War, population patterns resumed their previous trends of rapid growth, assisted in part by the influx, in 1904, of some 64,000 Chinese indentured labourers. Following their repatriation in 1910, they were replaced on the mines by the introduction of migrant Black labour, much of it recruited from neighbouring ...

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History - Harmony Gold

2020-11-12  History. Harmony was incorporated and registered as a public company in South Africa on 25 August 1950 and later became a Randgold-managed company, exploiting the single Harmony mine lease. In 1995, Harmony was recreated as a separate entity following the winding up of Randgold. Harmony’s operations have grown significantly since 1995 ...

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South African Mining - Mining Africa

2021-1-4  Minerals:Diamonds, gold, coal, iron ore, chrome, copper, emerald, fluorspar, ilmenite, lead, manganese, nickel, phosphate, silica, tin, vanadium, uranium, zinc and zircon. Independence: 31 May 1910 Area: 1,221,037 km2 Mining fact: The Witwatersrand Basin in South Africa is the largest gold resource in the world. This is also where the world’s deepest gold mine is found – the Mponeng Gold ...

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The Golden Age of Mining - UJ

2021-8-16  The Gold fields of South Africa by Dennis Edwards Co. Published in 1890, this book provides a “mine” of information on mining and business in the barely four-year old city. . Sir Joseph Benjamin Robinson, 1st Baronet (3 August 1840 – 30 October 1929) was a South African mining magnate and Randlord. This is one of the pictures of famous ...

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A Perspective on the South African Mining Industry in

2021-2-5  During this period, mining other than gold grew faster than the rest of the economy. These industries are larger than most manufacturing subsectors: South African coal sales in 1997 were R16 billion, PGM R8.5 billion and chrome R4 billion. Some of the largest current investment projects in South Africa are in these industries.

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South Africa’s "gold slaves" - Equal Times

2014-12-2  Nineteen-year-old Agrippa Machako recounts the day a ‘recruiter' promised him a job as a hotel chef in Johannesburg, South Africa, over 1000 kilometres away from his hometown of Chipinge in Zimbabwe. Today, the teenager's otherwise youthful face and body bears all the scars of the five months he spent toiling as a “gold

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Mining Bodies: The history of the South African mining ...

2019-10-30  After the discovery of gold in 1886, South Africa moved from an agricultural economy to an industrial economy because of the growth of the mining industry. Accompanying this growth was the influence mining companies had on governments in the region to establish the migrant labour system which guaranteed a steady stream of cheap labour to the mines.

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List of Gold mines in South Africa - Briefly SA

2019-7-9  There are many abandoned mines in the country; however, more mines have come up over the years with the discovery of Gold in South Africa. The South African mines list is dominated by Gold mines, and here are some of these mines as well as the respective South African mines contact details. 1. South Deep Gold Mine

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South-African-Mines - Mining Artifacts

2015-1-1  South-African-Mines. Mining in South Africa has been the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Large scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the

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Indigenous Gold Mining in Southern Africa: A Review

The history of gold mining and gold trade in southern Africa goes back nearly I 000 years. Given the number of early gold mines and the records oflively trade on the east coast, the scale of precolonial production was clearly extensive and of considerable importance in the economies of some of the region's Late Iron Age kingdoms. Few

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The Golden Age of Mining - UJ

2021-8-16  The Gold fields of South Africa by Dennis Edwards Co. Published in 1890, this book provides a “mine” of information on mining and business in the barely four-year old city. . Sir Joseph Benjamin Robinson, 1st Baronet (3 August 1840 – 30 October 1929) was a South African mining magnate and Randlord. This is one of the pictures of famous ...

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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South

2009-8-26  John Lang’s authoritative history of The Chamber of Mines in South Africa2. The discovery of diamonds in 1867 gave black men chances of entering the growing cash economy, as before this farming was virtually the only employment available. In 1886, gold was found along the Witwatersrand, and this by 1914 was to make the South African gold ...

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The world's biggest gold mines: Top ten

2020-1-30  1. South Deep gold mine – 32.8 million ounces (Moz). South Deep gold mine is the largest gold mine in the world, by reserves. Located 45km south-west of Johannesburg in the Witwatersrand Basin, South Africa, South Deep is also the seventh deepest mine in the world, with a mine depth up to 2,998m below the surface.. The managed mineral reserve at South

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v116n3a10 Trends in productivity in the South African

2016-4-29  mentioned that the average grade of South African gold mines has declined from approximately 12 g/t in the 1970s to approximately 5 g/t currently. Figure 4 shows the average recovered gold grade for South African mines from 2004 to 2013. The steady decline in gold grades is evident in Figure 4. The graph shows a decrease from 5.15 g/t in 2005 ...

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Fanakalo: the language of mining culture South African ...

Fanakalo spread to the diamond and gold mines in the South African interior (and subsequently to other African countries) in the late nineteenth century. Fanakalo ‘became the vernacular of black labourers in the mines’: it ‘encompassed instructions and orders’.

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A history of gumboot dancing in South Africa GOLD

2015-8-26  A history of gumboot dancing in South Africa. The Wellington boot takes its name from the first Duke of Wellington (1769 – 1852). He was an English aristocrat who instructed his shoemaker to modify the popular eighteenth century Hessian boot.

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